Our global climate is spiraling out of control. In Indiana, we have already warmed 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit since 1895 with a further projected rise of 5 to 6 degrees Fahrenheit by 2050 (INCCIA, 2018). As Hoosiers, we have a particularly tough challenge before us. Indiana has ranked eighth nationally – and first in the Midwest – for energy-related greenhouse gas emissions per capita (EIA).
Indiana’s climate data already reveals increased average temperatures, rainfall, and extreme heat events (INCCIA, 2018). These state-specific trends have impacts on Indiana’s agriculture, health, and quality of life. Already, Indiana has warmed 1.1 degrees F and increased rainfall by 5.6″ over the last century. Given the current state and global greenhouse gas emissions, we expect these trends to continue (figure 1).