The protection of source waters coming from rivers, lakes, and underground aquifers is a process that aims to prevent the contamination of the water consumer by the public, including private wells. The E. coli bacteria and other similar threats need to be completely eliminated before the water reaches the houses of town residents. This is usually achieved with the help of specific water treatments. But the protection of source water against contamination with the help of preemptive measures taken by the EPA, as well as federal agencies or local communities can have a determining role in ensuring the water is safe for drinking.

The Assessment Of Source Waters

Each local community and water utility company can decide the safety measures for their water sources. For this, the Safe Drinking Water Act asks for the development of special programs approved by the EPA that can assess all source waters within the state. These assessment works refer to the analysis of the land area that directly contributes water to the public water systems. It also refers to the identification of the contaminants in the area and establishes the degree of susceptibility of the water supply to the respective contaminants. The results of these evaluations can then be sued by the public and water utility companies to start taking measures for the reducing of the discovered sources of contamination.

How To Prevent Water Contamination As A Member Of The Community

  • If your house or small business is located near a river or lake that are serving the drinking water needs of the local community you are a part of, make sure you never store potentially harmful substances by the shore.
  • Always use safety locks and padlocks on your recipients storing dangerous substances that might reach the springs, eaters, and rivers nearby.
  • As a business manager, you can institute special practices to diminish your use of harmful contaminants; make sure wastes are not discharged directly into the ground or in surface water.
  • Ensure the proper working of your septic system and use fewer pesticides as an individual member of the community.
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